A mistake that is common combining sentences with the – ing

A mistake that is common combining sentences with the – ing

Hanging Modifiers

A mistake that is common combining sentences utilising the – ing verb form would be to misplace the modifier such that it just isn’t logically linked to the remaining portion of the phrase. This produces a dangling modifier . Glance at the example that is following

Running throughout the parking area, my breathing expanded shallow and ragged.

In this phrase, jogging over the parking great deal seems to change my breath. Since breathing cannot jog, the phrase must certanly be rewritten so your topic is put just after the modifier or included with the dangling expression.

Running throughout the parking great deal, we felt my breath grow ragged and shallow.

Joining Modifier

Some sentences could be combined making use of an – ed verb type— stopped, finished, played. To utilize this technique, among the sentences must include a form of become as a assisting verb besides the – ed form that is verb. Take a look at the following example:

Original sentences: The Jones family members was delayed by a traffic jam. They arrived hours that are several the celebration began.

Revised sentence: Delayed by a traffic jam, the Jones household arrived a long time after the party started.

When you look at the initial variation, had been will act as a assisting verb —it does not have any meaning it serves a grammatical function by placing the main verb ( delayed) in the perfect tense by itself, but.

For connecting two sentences having an – ed modifier, drop the assisting verb ( ended up being) and also the topic ( the Jones household) through the phrase with an – ed verb type. This kinds a modifying expression ( delayed by a traffic jam) which can be put into the end or beginning associated with other phrase based on which fits best. Just like the – ing modifier, be cautious to position your message that the expression modifies right after the expression to avoid a dangling modifier.

Making use of ing that is – ed modifiers will help streamline your writing by drawing apparent connections between two sentences. Take a good look at exactly how Naomi might utilize modifiers inside her paragraph.

The revised form of the essay uses the – ing modifier opting to draw a connection involving the government’s choice to bail the banks out therefore the outcome of that decision—the purchase for the mortgage-backed securities.

Joining >Another method that article writers utilize to mix sentences is always to join them utilizing a clause that is relative. a relative clause is a band of terms which contains a topic and a verb and defines a noun. Relative clauses work as adjectives by responding to concerns such as which one? or the type? Relative clauses start out with a pronoun that is relative such as for example who, which, where, why, or when. See the examples that are following

Original sentences: The handling manager is visiting the business in a few days. He lives in Seattle.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, whom lives in Seattle, is visiting the business week that is next.

The subject of one of the sentences ( he) for a relative pronoun ( who) to connect two sentences using a relative clause, substitute. Thus giving that you clause that is relative who lives in Seattle) that may be put beside the noun it defines ( the handling manager). Remember to keep consitently the sentence you intend to emphasize whilst the clause that is main. As an example, reversing the clause that is main subordinate clause into the preceding phrase emphasizes where in actuality the handling manager life, maybe maybe not the truth that he could be visiting the business.

Revised phrase: The handling manager, that is visiting the business in a few days, everyday lives in Seattle.

General clauses are a helpful method of supplying extra, nonessential information in a phrase. Take a good look at exactly exactly how Naomi might include clauses that are relative her essay.

Notice the way the underlined general clauses can be removed from Naomi’s essay without changing this is of this phrase.

To test the punctuation of general clauses, assess whether or otherwise not the clause could be taken out of the phrase without changing its meaning. In the event that clause that is relative maybe maybe perhaps not important to the meaning of this sentence, it ought to be put in commas. In the event that relative clause is essential to this is for the phrase, it doesn’t need commas around it.

Joining >An appositive is just word or number of words that describes or renames a noun or pronoun. Incorporating appositives into the writing is a way that is useful of sentences which can be too brief and choppy. Take a good look at the following example:

Initial sentences: Harland Sanders began serving meals for hungry tourists in 1930. He could be Colonel Sanders or “the Colonel.”

Revised phrase: Harland Sanders, “the Colonel,” started food that is serving hungry tourists in 1930.

In the revised phrase, “the Colonel” is definitely an appositive since it renames Harland Sanders. To mix two sentences having an appositive, drop the subject and verb through the phrase that renames the noun and change it as a expression. Observe is eliteessaywriters.com/blog/how-to-write-an-abstract legit that within the past instance, the appositive lies soon after the noun it defines. An appositive may anywhere be placed in a phrase, however it must come directly before or following the noun to which it relates:

Appositive after noun: Scott, a badly trained athlete, wasn’t likely to win the competition.

Appositive before noun: a badly trained athlete, Scott had not been likely to win the battle.

Unlike relative clauses, appositives are often punctuated by way of a comma or a group commas. Take a good look at the way in which Naomi utilizes appositives to add extra facts in her essay.


By yourself sheet of paper, rewrite the after phrase pairs as one phrase utilising the methods you’ve got discovered in this part.

  1. Baby sharks are known as pups. Pups could be born in another of 3 ways.
  2. The Pacific Ocean could be the world’s largest ocean. It stretches through the Arctic within the north to your Southern Ocean into the south.
  3. Michael Phelps won eight gold medals within the 2008 Olympics. He’s a champ swimmer.
  4. Ashley introduced her colleague Dan to her spouse, Jim. She speculated that the pair of them will have great deal in keeping.
  5. Cacao is harvested by hand. It really is then offered to chocolate-processing businesses at the Coffee, glucose, and Cocoa Exchange.

Please share having a classmate and compare your responses.

Writing at the job

As well as varying phrase structure, give consideration to varying the sorts of sentences you will be utilizing in a study or any other workplace document. Many sentences are declarative, however a very carefully put question, exclamation, or command can pique colleagues’ interest, no matter if the material that is subject fairly dry. That is amazing you may be composing a spending plan analysis. Starting your report by having a rhetorical question, such as “Where is our money going?” or “How can we increase product product product sales?” encourages visitors to read on to find out of the responses. Even though they ought to be utilized sparingly in educational and professional writing, questions or commands work rhetorical products.

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